Starting in 12th century France, Gothic architecture spread all over Europe. Being a combination of highest skills in statics, masonry and glass art, it was the style of building medieval cathedrals and churches. Aiming to impress with a demonstration of power and pride in the christian world, they also have been amongst the tallest buildings in the world from the middle ages until the advent of the skyscrapers.

Meissen Cathedral (Saxony - Germany)


In 963 Meissen became the episcopal see of a bishop. With the christianisation of the pagan Wends in the 13. century being complete, construction begun in 1260. Although one of the smallest cathedrals in Europe, it is one of the most pure examples of Gothic architecture and is surrounded by Albrechtsburg castle.

length: 97.3m - height: 17.8m - highest tower: 137.76m

Veitsdom (Prag - Tzchech Republic)


Construction started in 1344 at the order of Karl IV, son of the Bohemian King Johann of Luxembourg. Under Karl, Prag became the de-facto capital of the empire. The cathedral is the masterpiece of one of the most famous German medieval architects, Peter Parler.

length: 124m - height: 33m (tower: 99m) - width: 60m

Westminster Abbey (London, United Kingdom)


Although not a cathedral, construction of this abbey started round the year 1045 under King Edward, who built in Anglo-French Gothic style as a shrine. It's size matches the largest cathedrals.

length: 161 m - height: 31 m (tower: 68 m) - width: 24 m

Magdeburg Cathedral (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)


Counting to the biggest churches in Germany, this cathedral is also considered the first gothic German church. Construction started in 1209 after a fire destroyed the original cathedral founded by emperor Otto I, dating back to the year 955. The city has been destroyed twice and lost its glory. Only 4000 people survived the first exodus during the thirty years war (1633), protected inside this cathedral.

length: 120m - height: 32m (tower: 104m) - width: 40m

Stefansdom (Vienna, Austria)


It was emperor Frederick the III who convinced the pope in 1469 to grant Vienna a bishop and establish the former parish church as a cathedral. Inside, the tombs of emperor Frederick III. and of prince Eugene of Savoy can be seen amongst others. With the south tower's height of 137 m, the church belongs to the tallest structures of its time.

length: 107m - height tower: 137m - width: 34m

Notre Dame de Paris (Paris, France)


Located on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in Paris, Notre Dame de Paris is one of the earliest Gothic cathedrals and one of the finest in France. Commisioned by Bishop Maurice de Sully, the project was supported by King Luis VII and Pope Alexander III. Construction begun in 1163 and lasted until around 1330-1345. It became the place for French coronations, including infamous Napoleon Bonaparte.

length: 128m - height tower: 69m - width: 40m

Naumburg Dom (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)


In the year 1000, a new castle was erected on the eastern border of the holy roman empire by Eckard I, Margrave of Meissen. Later in 1028, King Conrad III and Pope John XIX granted the move of the episcopal see to Naumburg. Built as a romanesque cathedral with added gothic style, it is famous for its statues of the cathedrals founders.

length: 95m - height tower: 59m - width: 22.5m