SSL_connect - initiate the TLS/SSL handshake with an TLS/SSL server


 #include <openssl/ssl.h>

 int SSL_connect(SSL *ssl);


SSL_connect() initiates the TLS/SSL handshake with a server. The communication channel must already have been set and assigned to the ssl by setting an underlying BIO.


The behaviour of SSL_connect() depends on the underlying BIO.

If the underlying BIO is blocking, SSL_connect() will only return once the handshake has been finished or an error occurred.

If the underlying BIO is non-blocking, SSL_connect() will also return when the underlying BIO could not satisfy the needs of SSL_connect() to continue the handshake, indicating the problem by the return value -1. In this case a call to SSL_get_error() with the return value of SSL_connect() will yield SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ or SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE. The calling process then must repeat the call after taking appropriate action to satisfy the needs of SSL_connect(). The action depends on the underlying BIO. When using a non-blocking socket, nothing is to be done, but select() can be used to check for the required condition. When using a buffering BIO, like a BIO pair, data must be written into or retrieved out of the BIO before being able to continue.


The following return values can occur:


SSL_get_error(), SSL_accept(), SSL_shutdown(), libssl, bio_routines, SSL_set_connect_state(), SSL_do_handshake(), SSL_CTX_new()

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